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Fairey Albacore

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The Albacore was a single engined biplane torpedo bomber that would serve with the Fleet Air Arm. Used in a number of different theatres of war the Fairey Albacore would be in action during the summer of 1940 and on D-Day during June 1944 before its retirement from front line service in January 1945.

Quick Facts
Sorry, no image available
First flight
12th December 1938
Entered service
15th March 1940
Total built
803

Front view
Albacore front view photo
Side view
Sorry, no view photo available
Rear view
Albacore rear view photo

On the 8th September 1936 the Air Ministry released Specification M.7/36 with this new aircraft expected to replace the Fairey Swordfish. After evaluating a number of designs eventually on the 11th February 1937 Fairey were given the green light to finesse their design to meet a different specification, S.41/36. The result was the Albacore which was ordered into production before a prototype had even flown when an order for 100 aircraft was placed on the 6th May 1937.

On the 12th December 1938 taking off from Fairey's Great West Aerodrome, and with Flight Lieutenant Dixon at the controls, the first prototype flew. The Albacore would house a crew of three, pilot, observer and air gunner and as the type would be operating aboard aircraft carriers it featured folding wings, back along the fuselage, and an arrestor hook. The aircraft would also be tested with floats during March 1940 by the Marine Aircraft Experimental Establishment but no further development took place.

The Aeroplane and Armament Experimental Establishment would test the Fairey Albacore and found a number of problems with the aircraft including heavy elevators and ailerons and conditions in the cockpit, the Albacore had an enclosed cockpit, were said to be uncomfortable in the front during summer and cold and draughty in the rear. On the plus the Albacore was steady in the dive whilst carrying a torpedo and had a smooth recovery from the dive. This was followed on the 23rd and 24th May 1939 with deck landing trials on HMS Ark Royal (91).

The Albacore Mk I would originally be powered by the 1,060-hp Bristol Taurus II engine before being replaced by the 1,130-hp Taurus XII engine. This gave the aircraft a top speed of 161 mph, range of 930 miles with a service ceiling of 20,700 ft. Armament was either two or three 0.303-in machine-guns, one forward firing and one or two rear firing. Bomb load was either one torpedo, four 500lb bombs or six 250lb bombs.

The Fairey Albacore would enter service when on the 15th March 1940 No. 826 Naval Air Squadron, based at RNAS Ford, was formed and equipped with twelve examples. It would be the same squadron who performed the Albacore's first operational sortie when they attacked road and rail targets at Westende, Belgium and E-boats off the coast of Zeebrugge, Belgium on the 31st May 1940. No. 829 Naval Air Squadron was formed the following month on the 15th June 1940 and No. 828 Naval Air Squadron, RNAS Lee-on-Solent became the third Albacore squadron in September 1940 and from the 26th November 1940 Nos. 826 and 829 Naval Air Squadron would be stationed aboard HMS Formidable (67).

At the peak of its service the Fairey Albacore equipped fifteen squadrons serving with the Fleet Air Arm during 1942 operating from the Arctic Circle, Western Desert, Mediterranean and Indian Ocean. Operating in a number of different roles including anti-submarine patrol. The Royal Air Force would also use the type firstly with No. 36 Squadron based at Java during December 1941. No. 415 Squadron, Royal Canadian Air Force, operating from RAF Manston, used the aircraft during 'Operation Neptune', commonly known as D-Day, on the 6th June 1944 for operations in the English Channel, including laying smoke screens.

With newer aircraft now available all Fleet Air Arm squadrons except two would have their Albacores replaced by the Fairey Barracuda with the Grumman Avenger equipping one squadron. The other squadron was No. 119 Squadron who relinquished their last Fairey Albacores in front line Fleet Air Arm service on the 23rd January 1945 for, the aircraft it was meant to replace, the Fairey Swordfish.

In production for four years 803 Fairey Albacores were produced.



Technical Details

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Top Speed Range Service Ceiling Armament
Albacore Mk I 161 mph 930 miles 20,700 ft two or three 0.303-in machine-guns
and either one torpedo,
four 500lb bombs or
six 250lb bombs



Photos

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Albacore Mk I



See This Aircraft

(C) = Cockpit only exhibit. (F) = Fuselage only exhibit. (R) = Remains of an aircraft.

Location
No known examples currently on public display in the UK.

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